Browse our collection of papers in
Biology

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C/N/1151. Homeostatic mechanisms of sleep and eating

WORDS:
1800
DATE:
2015
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper looks at physiological mechanisms that control sleeping and eating behaviours examining the dependence of sleep and eating homeostasis on the orexin neuron system in the brain. Conclusions are made about close connections between food and sleep homeostasis.

 

KEYWORDS: Homeostatic, mechanisms, sleep, eating, brain, food,

 

S/N/457. Medium-Chain Triglycerides and exercise performance

WORDS:
3150
DATE:
2015
PRICE:
39.99 GBP

The paper looks at the physiochemical and clinical properties of Medium-Chain Triglycerides (MCT) describing their role in metabolism, examining health benefits of MCT, discussing their effects on exercise performance, and considering the effectiveness of MCT administration before and during exercise.

 

KEYWORDS: Medium-Chain Triglycerides, MCT, exercise, performance,

 

S/N/456. Effect of Calcium and Vitamin D supplementation on prevention of osteoporosis

WORDS:
3350
DATE:
2015
PRICE:
39.99 GBP

The paper looks at risk factors associated with osteoporosis providing statistics on fracture incidence, describing bone physiology, explaining the role of Calcium and Vitamin D in the regulation of cellular growth, and offering a review of research into the effectiveness of nutritional supplementation for the prevention of osteoporosis in older individuals.

 

KEYWORDS: Calcium, Vitamin D, supplementation, prevention, osteoporosis,

 

S/N/447. Epigenetics and DNA

WORDS:
300
DATE:
2015
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper looks at the effects of drugs and substance abuse on the offspring making references to the research into DNA changes associated with substance abuse, and arguing that people who smoke or drink alcohol can alter their DNA and pass the traits to their children. The paper has no references.

 

KEYWORDS: Epigenetics, DNA, alcohol, drugs,

 

C/N/1142. Obstacle avoidance behaviours in desert locusts and Ethiopian crickets

WORDS:
6200
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
69.99 GBP

The paper looks at the motor behaviours of insects focusing on desert locusts (Schistocerca gregaria) and Ethiopian crickets (Homeogryllus indicius). Mechanisms of obstacle avoidance are examined using two experiments. The methodology of the experiments is described, the results are discussed, areas of further research are indicated.

 

KEYWORDS: Obstacle avoidance, behaviours, desert locusts, Ethiopian crickets,

 

C/N/1138. Problems in kinaesthetic physiology

WORDS:
900
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper offers answers to several questions in the area of kinaesthetic physiology, i.e. the function and structure of muscle spindle, the difficulties of extracting kinaesthetic information from the responses of joint receptors, Golgi tendon organs (GTO) responses, causes of kinaesthetic illusions, removal of vestibular and somatosensory information, etc. The paper has no references.

 

KEYWORDS: Kinaesthetic, physiology, receptors,

 

C/N/1137. Review of “Proteome-Wide Analysis of Disease-Associated SNPs That Show Allele-Specific Transcription Factor Binding” by Butter et al

WORDS:
730
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper offers a review of the article “Proteome-Wide Analysis of Disease-Associated SNPs That Show Allele-Specific Transcription Factor Binding” by Butter et al (2012). The summary of the article is presented, the advantages and limitations of the method developed to detect single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) are discussed noting that the use of mass spectrometry was described in earlier publications

 

KEYWORDS: Review, Proteome-Wide Analysis, Disease-Associated SNPs, Allele-Specific Transcription Factor Binding, Butter et al,

 

C/N/1136. Km and Vmax determination for enzyme/substrate system

WORDS:
2400
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
29.99 GBP

The paper looks at enzyme kinetics with acid phosphatise and a substrate reporting on experiments aimed to examine enzymatic behaviour of acid phosphatase on organic substrate, p-nitrophenyl phosphate in the absence and in the presence of an enzyme inhibitor, and to derive values of Km and Vmax for the phosphatase both in the absence and presence of the inhibitor. The methods of the experiment are described, its results are analysed and discussed.

 

KEYWORDS: Km, Vmax, determination, enzyme, substrate, acid phosphatise,

 

C/N/1132. Metabolic pathways for synthesis of Acetyl coenzyme A

WORDS:
1100
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper looks at metabolic pathways for the synthesis of Acetyl coenzyme A (acetyl CoA), analysing the oxidative metabolic pathway, amino acid metabolic pathway and fatty acid metabolic pathway.

 

KEYWORDS: Metabolic, pathways, synthesis, Acetyl coenzyme A, CoA,

 

C/N/1128. Young and elderly gait: comparative analysis

WORDS:
1100
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper looks at the differences in the gait of young and elderly people describing the gait cycle, outlining mechanical characteristics of a normal gait and an elderly gait, and explaining the causes of changes in the gait.

 

KEYWORDS: Young, elderly, gait,

 

C/N/1112. Termites and their features

WORDS:
560
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper offers an illustrated overview of the termite family describing the types and features of the insects, presenting examples of termite mounds, and providing interesting facts about termites. The paper has no references.

 

KEYWORDS: Termites, insects,

 

C/N/1111. Effects of hypoxia on VEGF production

WORDS:
3400
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
39.99 GBP

The paper examines the effects of hypoxia on the production of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEFG) calculating the actual increase in the concentration of VEFG under normal and hypoxic conditions. The materials and methods of the experiment are described, its findings are discussed.

 

KEYWORDS: Hypoxia, VEGF, vascular endothelial growth factor,

 

C/N/1109. Role of caspase 3 in mediating apoptosis and inflammation in renal cells: potential clinical applications

WORDS:
310
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper looks at the use of activated caspase3 as a biomarker for estimating the degree of ischaemic damage and viability of non-heart beating donor kidneys. The paper has no references.

 

KEYWORDS: caspase 3, apoptosis, inflammation, renal cells, clinical, applications,

 

C/N/1108. Poster presentation. Role of human memory B Lymphocytes in anti-polysaccharide and anti-protein immune response

WORDS:
380
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper offers presentation notes for a 1-slide poster “Role of human memory B Lymphocytes in anti-polysaccharide and anti-protein immune response” reporting on an experiment aimed to evaluate whether these lymphocytes are involved in responses to the antigens in soluble and particulate form and whether IgM memory B lymphocytes are exclusively involved in responses to TI Ags (1). Information is presented about the background, methods and results of the experiment.

 

KEYWORDS: Poster, presentation, human memory, B Lymphocytes, anti-polysaccharide, anti-protein, immune response,

 

C/N/1107. Detection of Mycotoxins in Aspergillus parasiticus

WORDS:
900
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper reports on the experiment that was aimed to evaluate the efficiency of methods used to detect aflatoxins in food samples, i.e. the method of immunoaffinity columns and the method of thin layer chromatography. Materials, methodology and results of the experiment are described.

 

KEYWORDS: Detection, Mycotoxins, Aspergillus parasiticus,

 

C/N/1104. Health effects of nitrate and nitrite in foodstuffs

WORDS:
7100
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
79.99 GBP

The paper examines the effects of nitrate (NO3-) and nitrite (NO2-) compounds on human health analysing nitrate and nitrite levels in drinking water, vegetables and cured meat. An experiment is conducted using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and ion chromatography (IC). Literature is reviewed on related biochemical and medical research. Conclusions are made about the need of public awareness with regard to food habits and potential risk of toxicity caused by high nitrogen intakes.

 

KEYWORDS: Health effects, nitrate, nitrite, foodstuffs, water, vegetables, meat,

 

C/N/1102. Bacterial transformation with pGFP and purification of protein: practical report

WORDS:
1950
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper reports on the practical devoted to the transformation of E coli bacterium with pGFP, isolation of transformed cells and purification of protein GFP from the cells. The step-by-step methodology of the experiment is detailed, its results are discussed.

 

KEYWORDS: Bacterial, transformation, pGFP, purification, protein, practical,

 

C/N/1099. Influence of polypropylene packaging and storage temperature on shelf-life of okra

WORDS:
1500
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper examines the effect of packaging and storage temperature on the shelf-life of okra, edible green seed pods. Ideal packaging solution and storage temperature are considered, an experiment is conducted to assess whether polypropylene film packaging can be used effectively to extend the shelf-life of okra. The design, materials and methods of the experiment are described, its results are discussed.

 

KEYWORDS: Polypropylene, packaging, storage temperature, shelf-life, okra,

 

C/N/1097. Restriction digestion of DNA: experiment report

WORDS:
990
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper looks at the technique of restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFPL) using it to analyse two samples of viral DNA when subjected to EcoRI digestion. Materials, methods and results of the experiment are reviewed discussing differences in virulent and avirulent DNA fragmentation.

 

KEYWORDS: Restriction, digestion, DNA, RFPL, EcoRI, fragmentation,

 

C/N/1095. Food fermentation and mycotoxins: experiment report

WORDS:
890
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper looks at harmful mycotoxins produced by Aspergillus moulds reporting on the experiment that aimed to detect the presence of alfatoxins in a white rice sample with Aspergillus Niger. The materials and methods of the experiment are described, its results are discussed.

 

KEYWORDS: Food, fermentation, mycotoxins, experiment, Aspergillus,

 

C/N/1090. Structural Basis for Interaction between Innate Recognition Molecule CD14 and Associated Receptors in Response to Infection Caused by Gram Negative Bacteria

WORDS:
2950
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
29.99 GBP

The paper examines the structural basis for the interaction between the innate recognition molecule CD14 and associated receptors in response to infection caused by gram negative bacteria. Information is provided about cellular and molecular components involved in immune response against bacteria. Modern structural techniques used to elucidate the interaction between bacteria and molecules of the immune system are detailed. Controversial issues of immunology are addressed.

 

KEYWORDS: Structural, Basis, Innate Recognition Molecule, CD14, Receptors, Infection, Gram Negative Bacteria, immune,

 

S/PS/365. Role of sexual selection in human evolution

WORDS:
2550
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
29.99 GBP

The paper argues whether sexual selection could be considered as the primary driving force of human evolution. An overview of Darwin’s natural selection theory is presented, theories of physical evolution resulting from sexual selection are critically reviewed, psychological, biological and genetic aspects of sexual preferences and reproductive behaviours are discussed.

 

KEYWORDS: sexual selection, human evolution, Darwin, psychological,

 

C/N/1087. Sensory physiology: colour perception and afterimage

WORDS:
1150
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper looks at the physiology of colour perception examining the determination of red colour by the human eye, identifying mechanisms responsible for the production of the afterimage, and explaining why afterimages appear green.

 

KEYWORDS: Sensory, physiology, colour, perception, afterimage,

 

C/N/1074. Sensory physiology: colour perception and afterimage

WORDS:
1150
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper looks at the physiology of colour perception examining the determination of red colour by the human eye, identifying mechanisms responsible for the production of the afterimage, and explaining why afterimages appear green.

 

KEYWORDS: Sensory, physiology, colour, perception, afterimage,

 

C/N/1072. Polymerase chain reaction

WORDS:
520
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper looks at the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) used in DNA studies providing description of the technique and discussing its applications.

 

KEYWORDS: Polymerase chain reaction, PCR, DNA,