Browse our collection of papers in
Biology

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C/N/1087. Sensory physiology: colour perception and afterimage

WORDS:
1150
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper looks at the physiology of colour perception examining the determination of red colour by the human eye, identifying mechanisms responsible for the production of the afterimage, and explaining why afterimages appear green.

 

KEYWORDS: Sensory, physiology, colour, perception, afterimage,

 

C/N/1074. Sensory physiology: colour perception and afterimage

WORDS:
1150
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper looks at the physiology of colour perception examining the determination of red colour by the human eye, identifying mechanisms responsible for the production of the afterimage, and explaining why afterimages appear green.

 

KEYWORDS: Sensory, physiology, colour, perception, afterimage,

 

C/N/1072. Polymerase chain reaction

WORDS:
520
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper looks at the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) used in DNA studies providing description of the technique and discussing its applications.

 

KEYWORDS: Polymerase chain reaction, PCR, DNA,

 

C/N/1069. Role of viral receptors in tissue tropism, pathogenicity and virus neutralisation

WORDS:
1550
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper looks at the pathogenesis and transmission of viruses through viral receptors evaluating the importance of the initial virus-host interaction in determining viral tropism, pathogenicity and neutralisation. Examples are provided of viruses and their mechanisms.

 

KEYWORDS: viral receptors, tissue, tropism, pathogenicity, virus neutralisation,

 

C/N/1068. Role of genetic makeup in worker wasps' predisposition to eusociality

WORDS:
790
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper looks at the system of eusociality in the insect kingdom examining whether there is an evolutionary link between maternal and worker wasp behaviour. The phenomenon of eusociality is defined, the research hypothesis is formulated, references are made to the analysis of brain expression of particular genes in wasps.

 

KEYWORDS: Genetic, makeup, wasps, eusociality,

 

C/N/1064. Determination of iron in breakfast cereal by flame AAS: laboratory report

WORDS:
640
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper reports on a laboratory experiment of using flame AAS to determine the levels of iron in breakfast cereal. The aims and procedure of the experiment are described, its results are discussed.

 

KEYWORDS: Iron, breakfast cereal, flame AAS, laboratory,

 

C/N/1061. Effect of Potato in Salt Water

WORDS:
1200
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper reports on an experiment that was conducted to investigate the impact of salt solution on the osmotic activity of fresh peeled potato soaked in salt water. The materials and methods of the experiment are described, conclusions are made about the diffusion of salt into potato cells.

 

KEYWORDS: Potato, salt, water, osmotic, diffusion,

 

C/N/1060. PCR method of Bacillus cereus detection in food

WORDS:
1350
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper addresses concerns related to food poisoning caused by Bacillus cereus and the need of quality control measures to eliminate bacteria from food. An experiment is conducted using the PCR method to detect B.cereus in rice samples. The materials and procedure of the experiment are detailed, its results are discussed making conclusions about the effectiveness of the PCR method.

 

KEYWORDS: PCR, Bacillus cereus, detection, food,

 

C/N/1058. Structural basis of interaction between recognition molecule CD14 and associated receptors of infection caused by gram-negative bacteria

WORDS:
2950
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
29.99 GBP

The paper looks at the agents of invasive infection caused by gram-negative bacteria examining the interaction between lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and a variety of receptors including CD14, TLR4 and MD2. Structural determinants of CD14, TLR4 and MD2 features are identified using the X-ray crystallography technique for their recognition.

 

KEYWORDS: Structural, basis, interaction, innate recognition molecule, CD14, receptors, infection, gram-negative bacteria,

 

C/N/1056. Analysis of article “Surface expressed invariant chain (CD74) is required for internalisation of human leukocyte antigen-DR molecules to early endosomal compartments” by Moldenhauer et al

WORDS:
1350
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper offers analysis and interpretation of data presented in the article “Surface expressed invariant chain (CD74) is required for internalisation of human leukocyte antigen-DR molecules to early endosomal compartments” by Moldenhauer et al published in the “Immunology” journal. The results of the research and its experimental design are analysed considering experimental errors that could distort the accuracy of the data and suggesting experimental designs to advance the study.

 

KEYWORDS: Analysis, article, Surface expressed invariant chain, CD74, internalisation of human leukocyte antigen-DR molecules, early endosomal compartments, Moldenhauer et al,

 

C/N/1053. Determination of moisture in food: laboratory report

WORDS:
1000
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper offers a laboratory report on the determination by oven and infrared (IR) heating of the moisture content in a selection of foodstuffs. The materials and methods of the experiment are described, its results are discussed presenting calculations of moisture content in food samples.

 

KEYWORDS: Moisture, food, laboratory,

 

C/N/1052. Biochemistry and clinical potential of soy protein and isoflavones

WORDS:
6900
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
69.99 GBP

The paper looks at soy protein and isoflavones, i.e. drivatives of compounds found in soybean, as future drug targets. The statistics of the soybean production is briefly reviewed. Isoflavones’ metabolism and mechanisms of action are described focusing on the clinical application of soy protein and isoflavones in the treatment of colonic cancer, cardiovascular disease, menopausal vasomotor symptoms, etc. The potential of soy protein and isoflavones is explored, their side effects are discussed.

 

KEYWORDS: Biochemistry, clinical, potential, soy protein, isoflavones,

 

C/N/1046. Detection of Bacillus Cereus and its toxins in rice: comparison of traditional, immunological and PCR methods

WORDS:
1200
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper reports on a laboratory experiment aimed to detect Bacillus Cereus bacterium and its toxins in rice comparing the use of the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method, immunoassay method and traditional plate count method of detection. Conclusions are made about the accuracy of the plate count method compared to PCR and immunoassay techniques.

 

KEYWORDS: Detection, Bacillus Cereus, toxins, rice, traditional, immunological, PCR, polymerase chain reaction, method,

 

C/N/1045. Dependence of blood cholesterol concentration in edible prawn tissue on diet type: statistical analysis

WORDS:
2200
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
29.99 GBP

The paper reports on the experiment in nutritional science aimed to measure the average blood cholesterol concentration in edible prawn tissue of the cultured species Penaeus Monodon comparing groups that receive artificial diet 2a and artificial diet 2b. The objectives, hypotheses and procedures of the experiment are outlined, the findings are analysed using sttistical methods of inferential analysis, probability testing, etc.

 

KEYWORDS: blood cholesterol, concentration, edible, prawn, tissue, diet, statistical,

 

C/N/1044. Measurement of Allopurinol and Oxypurinol in human plasma using HPLC method

WORDS:
2200
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
29.99 GBP

The paper reports on a laboratory experiment aimed to measure the levels of Allopurinol and Oxypurinol compounds in human plasma using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Materials and methods of the experiment are described, its results are discussed.

 

KEYWORDS: Allopurinol, Oxypurinol, human plasma, HPLC, high performance liquid chromatography,

 

C/N/1042. Bacterial pathogenesis: bacteriological, epidemiological and clinical perspectives

WORDS:
2750
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
29.99 GBP

The paper looks at the phenomenon of bacterial dormancy providing its definitions, describing the mechanisms of antibiotic resistance, and analysing the behaviour of dormant forms of pathogenic microorganisms in Mycobacterium tuberculosis, diarrhoea, HIV, malaria, etc. Bacteriological, epidemiological and clinical features of the infection are detailed. The paper has no references.

 

KEYWORDS: Bacterial, pathogenesis, bacteriological, epidemiological, clinical, infection,

 

C/N/1041. Role of Dormancy Regulon in Non-Replicating Persistence of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis

WORDS:
3700
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
39.99 GBP

The paper looks at the mechanisms of tuberculosis (TB) resistance. Agents that spread the infection are defined, the phases of Mycobacterium TB are outlined including dormancy, latency, persistence, etc. The features of Mycobacterium TB culture bacilli are examined, methods of investigating M. tuberculosis persistence in vivo and in vitro are reviewed, the role of Dos Regulon (DosR) gene as a dormancy regulator is explored discussing related possibilities of TB treatment.

 

KEYWORDS: Dormancy, Regulon, Non-Replicating, Persistence, Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, TB,

 

C/N/1033. Use of SFT and NST in genome sequencing

WORDS:
850
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper looks at the emergence of Sparse Fourier Transform (SFT) and Nanopore sequencing technology (NST) examining their application in DNA sequencing, and highlighting the advantages of SFT and NST over other methods and algorithms.

 

KEYWORDS: SFT, Sparse Fourier Transform, NST, Nanopore sequencing technology, genome, sequencing, DNA,

 

C/N/1032. DNA extraction from Arabidopsis leaves: experiment report

WORDS:
3300
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
39.99 GBP

The paper reports on the analysis of DNA using molecular biology techniques in an experiment aimed to examine a transposable element inserted into a gene of a fully sequenced Arabidopsis plant to disrupt its functions. The methods and materials of the experiment are detailed, the results of the insertion mutant’s investigation are discussed.

 

KEYWORDS: DNA, extraction, Arabidopsis, leaves, experiment, molecular biology, transposable, insertion,

 

C/N/1030. Physiology of vision: questions and answers

WORDS:
1700
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper offers answers to several questions on the perception of vision providing calculations of lens’s projections of the object, a refractive power in dioptres of the cornea in air and under water, the distance of the blind spot from the fovea, the function of the lateral geniculate nucleus (LGN), limitations to image understanding, etc. The paper has no references.

 

KEYWORDS: Physiology, vision, lens, dioptres, fovea, cornea,

 

C/N/1028. Dietary regimes for prawns: test report

WORDS:
2650
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
29.99 GBP

The paper reports on the experiment of testing dietary regimes for prawns with the aim to examine differences in mean value of blood cholesterol concentration between two study groups of prawns having artificial dietary regimes with two different dietary fibre components of Chitin and Chitosan. Information is presented about the background of prawn farming including natural and artificial prawn diets and their effects on the content of the edible prawn tissue. A 1-slide poster presentation of the paper is supplied in a separate file.

 

KEYWORDS: Dietary, regimes, prawns, test, cholesterol,

 

C/N/1024. Effect of environmental factors on bacterial growth: experiments' report

WORDS:
1100
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper reports on a series of experiments aimed to examine environmental factors that influence the growth and proliferation of Bacillus cereus including high and low temperature, pH, oxygen and salt concentration. The procedure of the experiments is described, their findings are discussed.

 

KEYWORDS: environmental factors, bacterial growth, experiments, Bacillus cereus,

 

C/L/1216. Intellectual property rights in biotechnology

WORDS:
2000
DATE:
2014
PRICE:
29.99 GBP

The paper looks at the role of intellectual capital in the development of a biotechnological company. Definitions are provided of intellectual capital (IC), intellectual property (IP) and knowledge-based background of biotechnology. The use of patents as a link between scientific and commercial worlds is discussed addressing issues of patent litigation and commercial value of intellectual property rights, discussing the application of patents in the biotechnology industry, considering the extension of patent monopolies to human genetic material, etc.

 

KEYWORDS: Intellectual property rights, biotechnology, patents,

 

C/N/1019. Discussion of “Surface-expressed invariant chain (CD74) is required for internalization of human leucocyte antigen-DR molecules to early endosomal compartments” by Moldernhauer et al

WORDS:
590
DATE:
2013
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper offers answers to several questions in molecular and developmental immunology based on the article “Surface-expressed invariant chain (CD74) is required for internalization of human leucocyte antigen-DR molecules to early endosomal compartments” by Moldernhauer et al.

 

KEYWORDS: Surface-expressed invariant chain, CD74, internalization, human leucocyte antigen-DR molecules, early endosomal compartments, Moldernhauer et al, immunology,

 

C/N/1017. Report on VITEK practical in food microbiology laboratory

WORDS:
780
DATE:
2013
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper reports on practical work performed in a food microbiology laboratory to find out the exact strain of a bacterium extracted from food samples using a device called VITEK. Problems and difficulties encountered during the procedure are discussed.

 

KEYWORDS: VITEK, practical, food, microbiology, laboratory,