Browse our collection of papers in
Biology

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C/N/1256. E.coli bacteria: epidemiology, identification and preventative measures against infection

WORDS:
1500
DATE:
2016
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper looks at the pathogenic Escherichia coli bacteria found in beef focusing on toxin producing strains of VTEC/STEC. Epidemiology and identification of E.coli are examined, methods of food safety and prevention of the infection are explored.

 

KEYWORDS: E.coli, bacteria, epidemiology, preventive, infection,

 

C/N/1255. Food borne disease caused by E. Coli: identification, transmission and prevention

WORDS:
1750
DATE:
2016
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper looks at the infection caused by Escherichia Coli (E. Coli) reviewing the history of the food borne disease, examining methods of its identification and transmission, and discussing technologies and practices used in the food retail industry to prevent the incidence of the E. Coli bacteria.

 

KEYWORDS: Food borne, disease, E. Coli, bacteria,

 

S/N/497. Isolation, characterization and quantification of lactate dehydrogenase: laboratory report

WORDS:
3100
DATE:
2016
PRICE:
39.99 GBP

The paper offers a report on experiment sessions aimed to isolate, characterize and quantify the metabolic enzyme of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) from chicken breast. The features of LDH are defined, materials and methods used in the experiments are described focusing on the method of chromatography. The results are discussed.

 

KEYWORDS: Isolation, characterization, quantification, lactate dehydrogenase, LDH, laboratory,

 

S/N/497. Meiosis and genetic stability

WORDS:
580
DATE:
2016
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper looks at meiosis as a type of cell division in reproductive organs that enables chromosomes in gametes to maintain genetic stability among species. Stages and phases of meiosis are defined, crossing over between chromosomes is described, mechanisms of genetic variation are examined using the example of green beetles.

 

KEYWORDS: Meiosis, genetic, stability, chromosomes,

 

C/N/1250. Deltoid muscle: anatomical perspective

WORDS:
4000
DATE:
2016
PRICE:
49.99 GBP

The paper looks at the principles of anatomical studies using the example of the deltoid muscle as a complex structure with multiple roles in movement and protection of the shoulder joint. Various research techniques into the anatomy and function of the deltoid muscle are reviewed discussing their implications.

 

KEYWORDS: Deltoid muscle, anatomical,

 

S/N/497. Composition of human blood: laboratory report

WORDS:
1700
DATE:
2016
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper looks at the composition of human blood describing the preparation of a blood smear, and reporting on an experiment conducted to observe different types of blood cells, i.e. red blood cells, Neutrophils, Lymphocytes and Monocytes, under ×400 and ×1000 magnifications. Materials, methods and results of the experiment are described.

 

KEYWORDS: Blood, laboratory, cells,

 

S/N/494. Isolating hematopoietic stem cells

WORDS:
800
DATE:
2016
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper looks at ethical concerns associated with the use of embryonic stem cells, focusing on hematopoietic stem cells (HSC). Characteristics of HSC are reviewed, their contribution to new methods of gene transfer is considered.

 

KEYWORDS: Hematopoietic, stem, cells, HSC,

 

S/N/493. Knowledge of non-human primates and its role in human evolution

WORDS:
2750
DATE:
2016
PRICE:
29.99 GBP

The paper looks at the biological, cognitive and behavioral features of non-human primates, both modern and extinct, exploring traits and characteristics that resemble those of the humans. Links are established that contribute to the understanding of human origins and evolution.

 

KEYWORDS: Knowledge, non-human, primates, human, evolution,

 

S/N/492. Influence of locomotion and childbirth on evolution of human pelvis

WORDS:
3450
DATE:
2016
PRICE:
39.99 GBP

The paper looks at the shape of the human pelvis examining its evolution and its link with the demands of locomotion and childbirth. Topographical anatomical comparisons are made pelvic shapes of humans, australopithecines, apes, etc. The role of bipedalism is explained, the relationship between pelvic outlet and foetal head size in extant apes and humans is explored.

 

KEYWORDS: Locomotion, and childbirth on evolution of human pelvis,

 

S/N/490. Bone structure and mechanical properties

WORDS:
3550
DATE:
2016
PRICE:
39.99 GBP

The paper looks at the microscopic and macroscopic structure of human bone describing its composition and types, exploring factors that affect bone strength and toughness, explaining fracture mechanisms, and investigating influences on the mechanical properties of bone.

 

KEYWORDS: Bone, structure, mechanical, properties,

 

S/PS/427. Behaviour regulation: social, psychological and physiological perspectives

WORDS:
1250
DATE:
2016
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper looks at behaviour regulation by the nervous system describing the structure and functions of the human nervous system, and examining the features of behaviour regulation in adults and children. Hormones acting as modifiers of social behaviour in humans are outlined.

 

KEYWORDS: Behaviour, regulation, hormones, human,

 

C/N/1241. Pulmonary and immunological responses to induced pneumonia in mice

WORDS:
2600
DATE:
2015
PRICE:
29.99 GBP

The paper examines immunological and physiological (pulmonary) responses in wild type mice upon infection with the common pathogen Chlamydia pneumoniae. The objectives, procedures and results of the experiment are described, its findings are analysed using the methods of descriptive statistics. A one-slide poster presentation of the study is supplied in a separate file.

 

KEYWORDS: Pulmonary, immunological, induced, pneumonia, mice,

 

C/N/1230. Mechanisms of vision in animals

WORDS:
3000
DATE:
2015
PRICE:
39.99 GBP

The paper looks at eye performance, pattern recognition and colour vision in various species of animals, i.e. mammals, insects, etc., considering different paths in the evolution of vision mechanisms.

 

KEYWORDS: Mechanisms, vision, animals,

 

S/N/464. Use of DHBP as anti bacterial agent: experiment report

WORDS:
4600
DATE:
2015
PRICE:
49.99 GBP

The paper looks at types and properties of bacteria providing information about sub groups of bacterial strains, comparing the cell wall of Gram-positive bacteria with the cell wall of Gram-negative bacteria, identifying the role of Glycerol-3-phosphate (G3P) and its isosteric similarities with 3,4-DHBP (Dihydrobenzophenanthridine oxidase), etc. Experimental work is conducted to synthesise a sample of the (S)-DHBP via an isostere of the compound G3P used in cell wall synthesis of bacteria. The methods and results of the experiment are discussed.

 

KEYWORDS: DHBP, anti bacterial, agent, experiment,

 

S/N/463. Microorganisms as source of food borne pathogens

WORDS:
590
DATE:
2015
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper looks at survival strategies used by microorganisms including biofilm formation, internalization and acquisition of virulence factors. The impacts of these phenomena are examined in the context of food manufacturing.

 

KEYWORDS: Microorganisms, food, pathogens,

 

S/N/462. Monocular cues of depth perception

WORDS:
2200
DATE:
2015
PRICE:
29.99 GBP

The paper looks at the perception of relative depth by the human eye explaining its biological mechanism, examining monocular cues for relative depth perception, and arguing that binocular depth cues are not necessary to perceive depth.

 

KEYWORDS: Monocular, depth, perception, eye,

 

C/N/1224. Monogenic disease: Neurofibromatosis type 1

WORDS:
1650
DATE:
2015
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper looks at Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1), a monogenic disease caused by a modification of a single pair of genes. An overview of the disease is presented including phenotype description, pattern of inheritance, analysis of the gene that carries the mutation, mutation that causes the disease, etc. The incidence of the disease in various ethnic groups is considered outlining factors that affect the severity of the disease and penetrance of the genotype.

 

KEYWORDS: Monogenic, disease, Neurofibromatosis 1, NF1, mutation, gene,

 

C/N/1223. Anatomy and functions of pre-corneal tear film

WORDS:
1100
DATE:
2015
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper looks at the functional, physiological and cellular characteristics of the pre-corneal tear film making references to related research.

 

KEYWORDS: Anatomy, functions, pre-corneal, tear film,

 

C/N/1222. Genetic engineering of draught resistant plants

WORDS:
2500
DATE:
2015
PRICE:
29.99 GBP

The paper addresses stressful conditions that affect food crops focusing on molecular biology research into genetic modifications of plants to raise their drought resistance (DR). Literature is reviewed on the methods of genetic engineering (GE) used to produce drought tolerant crops. Conclusions are made about the importance of DR plants in conditions of global warming.

 

KEYWORDS: Genetic engineering, GE, draught resistant, DR, plants, crops,

 

C/N/1221. Microbiological causes of scarlet fever

WORDS:
610
DATE:
2015
PRICE:
9.99 GBP

The paper offers a case study in microbiology examining the condition of a patient diagnosed with scarlet fever, and identifying microorganisms that caused the illness. Contribution of virulence factors produced by these microorganisms to general pathogenicity is discussed, types of haemolysis are defined.

 

KEYWORDS: Microbiological, scarlet fever, bacteria, virus,

 

C/N/1218. Biochemical properties of sandwich ELISA

WORDS:
1050
DATE:
2015
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper looks at the reliability of Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) as a test to detect infectious diseases discussing false positive reactions given by sandwich ELISA, examining Western blots that can be used to confirm HIV, etc.

 

KEYWORDS: Biochemical, ELISA, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, HIV,

 

C/C/585. Mathematical approaches to predicting skin absorption

WORDS:
3120
DATE:
2015
PRICE:
39.99 GBP

The paper looks at the prediction of percutaneous absorption through skin reviewing quantitative models used to measure the skin permeability coefficient, and discussing quantitative structure-activity relationship (QSAR), single layer networks, Gaussian process (GP) modelling, etc.

 

KEYWORDS: Mathematical, predicting, skin absorption,

 

C/N/1217. Zinc finger nuclease’s structure and activity

WORDS:
3000
DATE:
2015
PRICE:
39.99 GBP

The paper looks at the creation of zinc finger nuclease (ZFN), i.e. customised proteins that maintain genomic integrity. The composition, structure and activity of ZFN are described with references to related research.

 

KEYWORDS: Zinc finger nuclease, ZFN, genomic,

 

C/N/1216. Role of zinc finger nuclease in site directed mutagenesis

WORDS:
3050
DATE:
2015
PRICE:
39.99 GBP

The paper looks at the role of zinc finger nuclease (ZFN) enzyme in site directed mutagenesis of plants, insects and animals. The functions of ZFN are examined discussing the application of bioinformatics to the identification of known target sequences in known genome sequences.

 

KEYWORDS: zinc finger nuclease, ZFN, site directed, mutagenesis,

 

C/N/1213. Causes and management of foodborne disease in UK and USA

WORDS:
1950
DATE:
2015
PRICE:
19.99 GBP

The paper looks at the problem of foodborne disease in the UK and USA providing related statistics, identifying causes of food contamination and poisoning, considering risks of food poisoning outbreaks, and examining methods and procedures of disease control used in both countries.

 

KEYWORDS: Causes, management, foodborne, disease, UK and USA, food poisoning,